Praying Mantis – Endangered?
Globally There are an Amazing 2000 Species of Mantis
The Giant Chinese Mantis can grow up to 4.3 inches!
All About Praying Mantis Insect
First of all, what is a praying mantis?
The largest family is called the Mantididae.
Most mantis are distributed around the world in tropical habitats.
There are six legs and two wings with the adult female and male have two wings.
These insects have powerful claws and mouth parts that enable them to catch flies and other small insects at an incredible speed.
- The head of this insect is segmented and appears like the head of a spider, with a very long abdomen and a broad head band.
- The first three segments of the body appear to be that of a fly, while the last two segments are like that of a spider.
- The abdomen has long curving lines and appears to be segmented.
- The short stout antennae have a headband-like base and the middle section has two rows of pointed projections.
- The head has two large rounded horns, long proboscis, and a tail with two long projections.
The femur has a row of sharpened points at the end which are used in fighting with fellow ants.
Some species of the mantis family have beautiful colors.
They have dull brown color on the lower portion of their bodies, with red being present on their wings.
Some of them have lovely red coloring on their tail.
The abdomen has a brown stripe along it, while the hind leg has two black spots.
Usually, females of this insect wear a brownish color belly with dark colored tarsus.
- The all about praying mantis has distinctive sounds, which can be compared to that of chirping birds.
- It makes a sound like chirping that is repeated a number of times a day.
- When the mantis stalks and concentrates its attention on a single insect, it makes a high-pitched sound, which is not audible to humans.
- This insect can be found in Central and South America, though the most common species are discovered in the Antilles.
In nature, these insects hide in the shadows and crevices of tall trees, inside burrows of large animals, under rocks and logs.
They are diurnal.
Sometimes, they are seen flying around during dawn and dusk. During summer, all about praying mantis are seen out in the lawns and gardens.
They exclusively eat insects carrion, snakes and other arthropods.
Mantis defense systems consists of defense compounds that increase their speed and strength.
It is believed that the mantis has evolved from the ground up, through prey, rather than being an ancestor of the spider.
The legs of this creature are longer and stockier than those of the spider.
The tail, on the other hand, is shorter and less developed.
In addition, the female mantis has web-like hairs, which are used to grasp and stab its prey.
If you want to observe and photograph these creatures in their natural habitat, it is important to know what they look like.
Because they cannot fly or jump very far, they usually remain stationary and looking for an insect to catch.
Usually, females are twice as large as the male and cannot fly. While the male is half the size of the female and is able to fly.
However, most specimens of the all about praying mantis species are distinctively different from each other, in looks and behavior.
There are, of course, many stories and myths surrounding the all about praying mantis.
One popular story says that it was the princess who staid at a crossroads and was attacked by one of the monsters.
This mantis killed the princess with a stoneskin pendant. Another story says that a mantis flew by the princess looking for a partner. Once it found her, it left her and went back to its nest.
Overall, the praying mantis is considered to be one of the most efficient hunting machines among all insects.
They have powerful compound eyes that are capable of seeing in the ultraviolet spectrum.
This allows the mantis to hunt efficiently on a variety of different types of insects and small animals.
And, because they have powerful jaws, they are capable of killing other animals as well as capturing their young during the process.
All About the Chinese Praying Mantis
The Chinese praying mantis has been around for a long time. This insect has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for many years.
This insect possesses some extraordinary characteristics that make it an attractive addition to a modern home.
The Chinese praying mantis is native to Asia and also the nearby islands. In early 1896 this unique species was accidentally transported by a native nurseryman from Mt. Airy in Philadelphia, United States from Hainan, China.
In the early spring time the female Chinese mantis lays eggs. The eggs are called “leftovers”.
The Chinese praying mantis will complete a metamorphosis in the process of laying eggs.
There are about four hundred species of the Chinese praying mantis, thirty of which are considered rarer than the tender sinensis species.
This species usually prefers humid, tropical environments but can be found living in drier climates as well.
Like all insects the Chinese praying mantis must meet a certain set of requirements before it is considered a suitable candidate for breeding.
One of these is that it must be able to produce sexual and reproductive eggs.
The eggs must be developed in an extremely warm environment and incubated for at least three weeks.
If any of these conditions are not met, the eggs will not be successful and this species will not reproduce.
Like most members of the Chinese praying mantis family the sinensis has a holothurian tube where one branch drops into the next.
This is composed of two paired tubes separated by an overhanging area known as the holothurium.
It is only in the southern region of the Chinese aridifolia that this type of mantodea occurs.
In the north it occurs in coniferous forests such as those in northern China, Mongolia and Tibet.
The color of the Chinese praying mantis ranges from grey green to a golden brown color with darker brown spots present on limbs and wings.
Sometimes there are red spots present on the body.
These spots on the body tend to grow larger and darker pigments.
They are nearly black when fully mature.
The underside of the wing has a whitish color with markings that are similar to that of a cockatoo.
The forewing lacks these markings but possesses a cream color on a white base.
This species of the Chinese mantis spends most of its time hunting small insects such as aphids. Other smaller flying creatures such as mosquitoes are also taken as prey by the Chinese praying mantis.
Its piercing jaws can capture even large prey items such as fish eggs. These elongated mouth parts enable it to take down other flying insects such as dragonflies and lacewings.
Unlike most insects, the Chinese praying mantis does not display any sexual behaviour. The courtship and mating process is based on the male’s interest in the female.
If the male is successful in fertilizing the eggs, he goes ahead and fertilizes the female’s body too.
The entire process of courtship and mating can last for up to a day.
After the mating process is over and the female flies off to find a suitable place to lay her eggcase called an ootheca which may produce 30 to 300 young mantids.
You have to remove the male mantis immediately after mating because in the wild the female mantis normally eats the male mantis alive after mating or during mating.
Sometimes the female mantis dies after mating.
The female mantis needs all the food and nutrition while laying tge eggcase which contains the eggs inside.
More Praying Mantis to Reduce Bugs
It’s not hard to see why many gardeners wish they had more praying mantis to reduce bugs in their vegetable gardens.
It is a very efficient hunter, able to catch and eat small animals and birds with great ease.
Gardeners often use it as an effective natural mosquito control. They will often place moth traps around their vegetable gardens and will often mist their outdoor areas with a protective spray.
This insect has been around for a long time and is well suited to gardens.
In fact, it is one of the first animals that people would have seen on earth.
Mantis lives in the Amazon rain forests and in many parts of the world.
The species that gardeners wish to control have a relatively short lifespan and would quickly die once they were eradicated from the area.
Mantis will feed on virtually any insect, including birds, lizards, and humming birds!
It is a specialist predator on small creatures that are within its habitat.
One method gardeners use is to bait pheromone traps which release a pheromone that attracts these animals.
The rest of the garden can then be treated as normal.
Praying mantis do not need much maintenance, but they do need a certain temperature level in which to live.
Because these animals are warm-blooded it is important that they can keep their body temperature elevated. Gardeners who allow their plants and flowers to come in contact with the ground may find that the bugs will grow rapidly.
If this is the case then it may be necessary to relocate plants or use heat lamps to bring down temperatures.
Gardeners also often attract bees to their gardens because of the bugs that they attract.
Many gardeners welcome the bees, but they must be kept in check as many of them are aggressive.
Gardeners may wish to plant certain plants and flowers to get rid of these aggressive bugs.
Some of these plants are in flower buds, grass, and foliage. Plants and flowers such as these are often targeted by these pests, so using heat lamps to bring down temperatures or making sure the soil is adequately drenched with water can help many gardeners get rid of these insects.
Aphids are one of the most common insect infestations in many gardens.
These insects attach themselves to a plant and feed on its juices, sucking the juices out of the plant in a very short amount of time.
This attracts other insects, which then start feeding on the vines of the plant. Although there is no way for a garden to completely control aphid invasion, it can be difficult to avoid an infestation of these insects.
Praying Mantis Will Helps Crops to Thrive As Farmers Best Friend